Posted by: Thixia | January 22, 2009

Comment From Reader: re: aricept for cognitive ability


————-
Its great to hear about Aricept for cognitive ability.  I want to ask,  is there any side effect of it as I have used many of the same variety

 

Anonymous

 

Answer

 

Brand Name
Aricept

Common Name
donepezil

How does this medication work? What will it do for me?

This medication is used for the treatment of people with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease.  Donepezil does not cure Alzheimer’s disease. It works in the brain to improve thinking, memory, attention, and the ability to do simple tasks.

Your doctor may choose to use a medication for conditions other than the ones listed in these drug information articles. If you’re unsure why you are taking this medication, contact your doctor.


How should I use this medication?

The recommended initial dose of donepezil is 5 mg once daily. If the response is not adequate after four to six weeks, your doctor may increase the dose to 10 mg daily, which is the daily recommended maximum dose. For senior women with a low body weight, it is recommended that the dose of donepezil not exceed 5 mg daily. The tablet can be taken with or without food.

Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.

It is very important that this medication be taken on a regular schedule as prescribed by the doctor. If you miss a dose of this medication, take it as soon as you remember it. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and carry on with your regular schedule. Do not double doses.


What form(s) does this medication come in?

ARICEPT

5 mg
Each white, film-coated tablet, embossed with the name “ARICEPT” and the strength, contains: donepezil HCl 5 mg equivalent to donepezil free base 4.56 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, hydroxypropylcellulose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate and microcrystalline cellulose; film-coating: hypromellose, polyethylene glycol, talc and titanium dioxide.

10 mg
Each yellow, film-coated tablet, embossed with the name “ARICEPT” and the strength, contains: donepezil HCl 10 mg equivalent to donepezil free base 9.12 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, hydroxypropylcellulose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate and microcrystalline cellulose; film-coating: hypromellose, iron oxide, polyethylene glycol, talc and titanium dioxide.

ARICEPT RDT

5 mg
Each white, uncoated, rapidly disintegrating tablet, embossed with the name “ARICEPT” and the strength, contains: donepezil HCl 5 mg equivalent to donepezil free base 4.56 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: κ-carrageenan, mannitol, polyvinyl alcohol and silica colloidal anhydrous. B

10 mg
Each yellow, uncoated, rapidly disintegrating tablet, embossed with the name “ARICEPT” and the strength, contains: donepezil HCl 10 mg equivalent to donepezil free base 9.12 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: κ-carrageenan, iron oxide, mannitol, polyvinyl alcohol and silica colloidal anhydrous.

Some medications may have other generic brands available. Always ask your doctor or pharmacist about the safety of switching between brands of the same medication.

Who should NOT take this medication?

Anyone allergic to donepezil or to any of the ingredients of the medication or to piperidine-type medications should not use this medication.


What side effects are possible with this medication?

The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your health professional. They may be able to help you to deal with some of the effects.

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

More common:

*       diarrhea

*       loss of appetite

*       muscle cramps

*       nausea

*       trouble sleeping

*       unusual tiredness or weakness

*       vomiting

Less common:

*       abnormal dreams

*       constipation

*       depression

*       dizziness

*       drowsiness

*       fainting

*       frequent urination

*       headache

*       joint pain, stiffness, or swelling

*       pain

*       unusual bleeding or bruising

*       weight loss

Rare:

*       black, tarry stools

*       bloating

*       bloody or cloudy urine

*       blurred vision

*       burning, prickling, or tingling sensations

*       cataracts

*       chills

*       clumsiness or unsteadiness

*       confusion

*       cough

*       decreased urination

*       difficult or painful urination

*       difficulty breathing

*       dryness of mouth

*       eye irritation

*       fever

*       flushing of skin

*       frequent urge to urinate

*       high or low blood pressure

*       hives

*       hot flashes

*       increased heart rate and breathing

*       increase in sexual desire or performance

 

*       increased sweating

*       increased urge to urinate during the night

*       irregular heartbeat

*       itching

*       loss of bladder control

*       loss of bowel control

*       mood or mental changes, including abnormal crying, aggression, agitation, delusions, irritability, nervousness, or restlessness

*       nasal congestion

*       pain in chest, upper stomach, or throat

*       problems with speech

*       runny nose

*       severe thirst

*       shortness of breath

*       sneezing

*       sore throat

*       sunken eyes

*       tightness in chest

*       tremor

*       wheezing

*       wrinkled skin

Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.

Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?

Asthma and lung conditions: Donepezil should be used with caution by people with asthma or lung conditions as it could cause symptoms of these conditions to worsen.

Chronic illness: In general, people with chronic medical conditions should be cautious when taking donepezil because of the increased risk of side effects. The benefits of taking the medication must be carefully weighed against the risks.

Epilepsy: There is a possibility that donepezil may increase the risk of seizures in susceptible people. People with a history of seizure disorder should speak to their doctor about the risks and benefits of taking donepezil.

Heart disease: Donepezil should be used with caution by people with heart disease such as active coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. Donepezil has the potential to slow the heart rate.

Liver and kidney disease: Since little information exists on the use of donepezil by people with liver and kidney disease, it is recommended that close monitoring for side effects take place under these circumstances.

Stomach problems: Donepezil has the potential to cause an increase in the amount of acid that the stomach produces. It should therefore be used with appropriate caution by people who are at increased risk of developing stomach ulcers.

Pregnancy: The safety of donepezil for use during pregnancy has not been established. Therefore, it should not be used by women who are or may become pregnant unless, in the opinion of their doctor, the potential benefits outweigh the risks.

Breast-feeding: The safety of donepezil for use while breast-feeding has not been established. Therefore, it should not be used by nursing women unless, in the opinion of their doctor, the potential benefits outweigh the risks.

Children: Donepezil is not recommended for use by children.

What other drugs could interact with this medication?

The following medications may affect how donepezil works or increase the risk of side effects:

*       barbiturates (e.g., phenobarbital)

*       carbamazepine

*       dexamethasone

*       ketoconazole

*       phenytoin

*       quinidine

*       rifampin

The following medications may be affected by donepezil:

*       anticholinergic medications (e.g., atropine, hyoscyamine)

If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:

*       stop taking one of the medications,

*       change one of the medications to another,

*       change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or

*       leave everything as is.

An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. In many cases, interactions are intended or are managed by close monitoring. Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.

Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications that you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.

 

 

 

The contents of this site are for informational purposes only and are meant to be discussed with your physician or other qualified health care professional before being acted on. Never disregard any advice given to you by your doctor or other qualified health care professional. Always seek the advice of a physician or other licensed health care professional regarding any questions you have about your medical condition(s) and treatment(s). This site is not a substitute for medical advice.
© 1996 – 2009 MediResource Inc. – Targeted Health Solution

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